GLOBAL GOAL NR. 13: CLIMATE ACTION

 

The global goal climate action concerns climate change. Climate change is seen as one of the main reasons for the two hurricanes Harvey and Irma. What are the main causes for climate change? Can we as individuals do anything to combat climate change?

 

According to Global Goals the global emissions of CO2 have increased by more than 46% since 1990. In order to secure the future generations a life without having to worry about climate crisis we have to do something now, before it is too late. The global issues might seem too complex and big for you as an individual to have a chance in saving the world. But you can’t just point towards the big businesses and blame them for all of our environmental woes, because you, yes you, can actually do something to make the world a better place. And that is important to understand. It is like a puzzle, the more we all do our part, the faster we will create an entire ecology of living that promotes sustainability. Something is better than nothing. Being environmentally friendly simply means having a lifestyle that are better for the environment. Here are some easy and small changes you can make in your everyday life to help live a more eco-friendly lifestyle:

 

  1. Eat less meat: especially red meat.
  2. Use less paper and recycle more
  3. Only boil the water you need
  4. Use canvas bags instead of plastic
  5. Start a compost pile or bin
  6. Purchase the right light bulb and turn off the lights
  7. Choose cloth over paper
  8. Shower less
  9. Take the bus instead of the car, or even better get a bike
  10. Buy locally grown products
  11. Throw less food and stuff
  12. Buy second hand

 

“If the bee disappeared off the face of the Earth, man would only have four years left to live,” Einstein supposedly said. Bees are very interesting as the food ecosystem heavily rely on them. It is a huge cause of concern that the number of bees are declining, as if they disappear other animals will struggle with surviving and it will have massive consequences for the ecosystem. Think about the bees and make an garden bee-friendly place with plants such as lavender, roses and sunflowers. It can be as easy as that.

The temperature of the earth is rising at almost twice the rate it was 50 years ago. One of the reasons for this is the emission of greenhouse gases. There are several greenhouse gases responsible for global warming, the most important one is CO2, although others are methane, from agriculture and landfills, nitrous oxide from fertilizers and the loss of forests that would be able to store the CO2. CO2 is responsible for 64% of the man-made global warming. This means that by reducing our carbon dioxide emissions we can reduce the dramatic changes global warming and climate change do. However, methane traps more heat than carbon dioxide per molecule, in fact 20 times more heat per molecule. Methane is responsible for 17% of man-made global warming. The causes for the rise of emissions of greenhouse gases are burning coal, gas and oil. China is ranked as number one when it comes to emission of greenhouse gases, currently producing more than 25% of all greenhouse gases. The United States follow, with 13.9%, with India placed third emitting 6.43% of all greenhouse gases. Norway is responsible for 0.1% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Deforestation is also an important cause, because trees help to regulate the climate by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Since trees contain a lot of carbon dioxide, emissions of carbon dioxide will rise when burning trees. When cutting trees down emissions will also rise, because the carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.

 

We as individuals can do a lot to make the world a “greener” place and stray away from the polluting path we are on. Recycling is an easy and efficient way to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions and pollution in general. Through recycling we can decrease the amount of waste which has a huge impact on the natural environment. Recycling helps us reduce the amount of chemicals and greenhouse gasses released by trash in landfill sites reducing deforestation. With recycling we can help prevent our habitats destruction and decrease the effect of global warming, which are some of the few effects caused by deforestation.

 

Another take on the situation is to try and make bigger changes by affecting our government, and by doing so, our country could lead the revolution on climate change. Even though we are considered the best country in the world on almost all aspects surrounding the global environment development, we still have a lot of flaws, especially in the consume and waste department. That is why, on the lowest level we need to vote MDG at our election, and then MDG has to convince the other parties of the government to step up and start investing in our sustainable ecofriendly natural resources, and hopefully the rest of the world will follow. This will also be a much more affordable option for us as a country in the long haul, even though it might cost us some of our precious oil money right now for the research of how to develope it. There is no point in being one of the wealthiest countries in the world if our planet is trying to destroy us with natural catastrophes and disasters, because we choose not to take care of it.  

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_greenhouse_gas_emissions

https://ec.europa.eu/clima/change/causes_en

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/global-warming-causes/

www.recycling-guide.org.uk/importance.html

 

In collaboration with Mathias, Rebekka and Bibbi

The importance of knowledge in a changing world

By Ingrid, Tobias and Sondre B

 

History is one of the most important subjects in school, because by knowing history you can easily understand why people think as they do and why they act like they do. You understand why there are conflicts in the world, and why these conflicts seem like they will go on forever. A person that seemingly had no interest in participating in the subject in question is one of the most powerful men in the world, Donald Trump.

 

Donald Trump has claimed that the Lebanese government is fighting against ISIS, Al Qaeda and Hezbollah. That is partially true, the Lebanese government does fight ISIS and Al Qaeda, however Hezbollah is not opposing the Lebanese government, in fact they have been a part of the Lebanese parliament, and is currently holding 12 seats in the parliament as well as two cabinet positions, the Minister of Industry and the Minister of Sports and Youth.

 

Trump also claimed that Germany owed “vast sums” of money to the United States for NATO. This is just wrong. No country can owe money to another country through NATO. The NATO agreement specifies that every member has to spend two percent of their GDP on their military. Germany, among many countries, spends less than two percent of their GDP on their military, and in 2016 it was estimated that they would spend approximately 40 billion USD on their military, whilst the United States would spend approximately 664 billion USD. However, showing the pure numbers is misleading as the GDP in the NATO member states differ from the United States’ 18.5 trillion USD to Montenegro’s 10.4 billion USD. “ Europe may owe itself; it certainly owes nothing to the U.S.”  said Ivo Daalder, a former ambassador to NATO under Mr. Obama.

 

Another claim from the commander in chief was that Korea used to be a part of China. Korea was never a part of China, although Korea was protected by China in exchange for gifts, clearly showing an independent position. However, he got his information from the President of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping, and he might have exaggerated China’s power, as Korean historians claim that Korea was similar to a colony, but not a part of China.

 

The President, whilst on a trip to Israel, said that he had just been in the Middle East, seemingly not knowing that Israel is a part of the Middle East, and a rather important one as well. Israel is the only free country in the Middle East, according to Freedom House. It is also a close American ally.

 

Trump confused Napoleon Bonaparte and Napoleon the third on a recent trip to France. Napoleon Bonaparte and Napoleon the third are two different people, in fact Napoleon the third is the nephew of the famous Corsican emperor Napoleon Bonaparte. They both held the title “Emperor of the French”, but Napoleon the third modernized infrastructure, and he was an elected president, as he won 74.2 percent of the votes in the 1848 election.

 

When the British prime minister Theresa May came to visit the US in January, the White House managed to misspell her name three times. They wrote about Teresa May, which is a British glamour model and soft-porn actress. This is quite the blunder, as the British prime minister probably does not like to be associated with a soft-porn actress. They also referred to Canada’s prime minister Justin Trudeau as Joe, and called Shinzo Abe the President of Japan, which is wrong because he is the prime minister.

 

The last blunder, of many, that we will write about is also quite a big one. The White House referred to Xi Jinping as the “President of the Republic of China”, and not the “President of the People’s Republic of China”. There is a huge difference between the Republic of China, and the People’s Republic of China. The latter is the mainland, whilst the Republic of China is Taiwan. Taiwan and China have had a terrible relationship for years, although they have begun work to cooperate on a certain level.

 

Do Trump`s historical missteps matter? Does it matter that the President of the United states seems to lack knowledge and understanding of the key events of his nation’s past and of what is going on in the world. He mentioned Abraham Lincoln during a fundraising dinner. “Most people don’t even know he was a Republican,” Trump said. “Does anyone know? Lot of people don´t know that!” (Most likely everyone in the room knew).

It seems pretty self explanatory that the president of the United States should have, and might benefit from, basic knowledge and insights of the world history. Perhaps he should go back to High School?

 

Sources:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hezbollah

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_of_Lebanon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lebanese_government_of_December_2016

https://www.economist.com/blogs/graphicdetail/2017/02/daily-chart-11

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montenegro

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States

http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/opinion/2017/03/633_191255.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napoleon_III

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-Strait_relations

 

EDIT:

Uncovering fake news

  1. Be skeptical to headlines. Fake news often has catchy headlines that captures your attention. If the headline has shocking statements that seem too crazy to be true, it’s likely that it’s not true.
  2. Pay attention to the URL. A fake or copied URL can be a warning sign that the news you are about to read, is fake. Many sites that produce fake news imitate authentic news sources by making small changes to the URL. You can go to the site and compare the URL with established sources.
  3. Examine the source. Make sure that the news is written by a source that you trust, and that the source has a reputation of being correct. If the news comes from an unknown source, be sure to check
  4. Look after unusual design! A lot of websites which produce fake news, have misspelled words or a clumsy layout. If you see these warning signs, you should be skeptical of what you are reading.
  5. Be aware of the pictures. Fake news often use manipulated photos or videos. Sometimes the photos can be real, but taken out of context. You can search for the picture to see where it comes from.
  6. Check the dates. Fake news may contain timelines that do not make sense, or dates that have been changed.
  7. Check the evidence. Check the writer’s sources to confirm that they are correct. If the news lacks evidence or “trust” unnamed experts, it could be a sign of fake news.
  8. Look at other reports. If there are no other news-platforms which talks about the issue, it could be a sign that the report is fake. If the case gets covered by other platforms you trust, it is more likely that the report is true.
  9. Is it a joke? Sometimes it can be hard to see the difference between false news, humour or satire. Check if the resource usually makes parodies, and if the details and the style of the report indicates that it is only meant as a joke.
  10. Some news are fake intentionally. Be critical to the news you read, and share only news you know are real.